Less well known are Gilman’s views on race. To solve the so-called “Negro Problem” in the United States in the early twentieth century, Gilman suggested a system of forced labor she called “enlistment”. She had only one brother, Thomas Adie, who was fourteen months older, because a physician advised Mary Perkins that she might die if she bore other children. Her schooling was erratic: she attended seven different schools, for a cumulative total of just four years, ending when she was fifteen. Her mother was not affectionate with her children. To keep them from getting hurt as she had been, she forbade her children to make strong friendships or read fiction.