Fairy chimneys came into beings by geographical events. In historical process, people used these fairy chimneys as their home. They built churchs and decorated with frescos. So, the traces of the civilisation through thousands of years can easily be seen today. Natural beauty and cultural richness of Ürgüp, Avanos, Zelve and Göreme attracted a lot of historians and explorers for centuries. Charged with the duty to go around the Mediterranean countries by French Kingdom, Paul Lucas was the first to introduce the region to Europe with his travel book.